Metaphors, as elements that reflect the richness of meaning and expression of the language, are the indicators that best reflect the perception of concepts by people who share a common culture. In this respect, it is thought that it is important to determine how the diwan literature, which is the product of an average of 600 years, is perceived today, and which images and indicators are used as a means of concretization for this concept. The aim of this study is to determine the metaphors that concretize the perceptions of students who took courses of diwan literature related to divan literature during their undergraduate education in both the Turkish education department and Turkish language and literature department. This study uses the phenomenology design, which is one of the qualitative research methods. The research group was selected by the convenience sampling technique. Data were collected from a total of 133 students, 90 females and 43 males. The research's data were gathered using a semi-structured interview form consisting of two questions, then analyzed using content analysis and discourse analysis methods. In this study, it has been concluded that the metaphors produced by the students studying in Turkish education and Turkish language and literature departments for the concept of diwan literature are numerous and conceptually quite diverse. It was concluded that the teacher candidates united around some common concepts and mostly used the concepts of books, trees, puzzles, roses and novels as metaphors, and a total of 53 different metaphors were produced. It has been determined that female and male teacher candidates generally produce similar metaphors. Male teacher candidates concretized the concept of diwan literature most in the context of diversity, mystery, difficulty and informativeness. It was observed that female teacher candidates mostly discussed the concept of diwan literature in terms of depth of meaning, informativeness, antiquity, enjoyment and difficulty. The results obtained in this study revealed that students have positive perceptions towards diwan literature.


conceptual metaphor, diwan literature, concretization